In a broad sense, the Protestant Reformation provided the main motivation for the Church's trial of Galileo. It was this threat that had created the Counter-Reformation, and placed the Church in a distrustful and defensive posture, constantly on guard against heresy and threats to the eternal truths embodied in the faith. The Copernican system, while not a direct threat to Catholic dogma, threatened to wreck the foundations of a philosophy and science upon which the Church had rested securely for centuries. Admitting that the earth went around the sun would have necessitated a large-scale reappraisal of the Catholic world-view, and with the struggle against Protestantism still flaring, the guardians of orthodoxy felt such a reappraisal would be extremely impolitic, undermining the Church's power even further. Instead of showing vision and foresight, they took the path of least resistance, and directed the fearsome apparatus of the Inquisition against the heliocentric ideas. However, the unfortunate trial might still have been avoided–the leaders of the Church did not really want to provoke a public confrontation with Galileo. But Galileo's ambition proved too great to resist publishing his Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems , and the resentment of his enemies in the Church was strong enough to overcome the support of his friends. Due to mutual misunderstanding and Galileo's lack of diplomacy, the middle ground fell away, and the result proved a disaster for all involved.
with concern for energy and material flows and sustainability, environmental quality, and economic development.  Contents 1 Nature and ecology 2 Ethics 3 Schools of thought 4 Differentiation from mainstream schools 5 History and development 6 Topics 6. 1 Methodology 6. 2 Allocation of resources 6. 3 Strong versus weak sustainability Energy economics 6. 5 Energy accounting and balance 6. 6 Environmental services 6. 7 Externalities 6. 8 Ecological-economic modeling 7 See also 8 References 9 Further reading 10 External links Nature and ecology Main articles: Nature and Ecology A simple circular flow of income diagram is replaced in ecological economics by a more complex flow diagram reflecting the input of solar energy, which sustains natural inputs and environmental services which are then used as units of production. Once consumed, natural inputs pass out of the economy as pollution and waste. The potential of an environment to provide services and materials is en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Ecological_economics 1/9 15/09/12 Ecological economics ? Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia referred to as an “environment’s source function”, and this function is depleted as resources are consumed or pollution contaminates the resources. The “sink function” describes an environment’s ability to absorb and render harmless waste and pollution: when waste output exceeds the limit of the sink function, long-term damage occurs. :8 Some persistent pollutants, such as some organic pollutants and nuclear waste are absorbed very slowly or not at all; ecological economists emphasize minimizing “cumulative pollutants”.
all of the burdens of old age that Dorian would have originally had to experience. “The portrait is the main symbol at work here. It’s kind of a living allegory, a visible interpretation of Dorian’s soul… the picture represents Dorian’s inner self, which becomes uglier with each passing hour and with every crime he commits. ”(“The Picutre of Dorian Gray: Symbolism…. par. 5) If this item had not fallen into his possession, it can safely be assumed that Dorian would have grown to be a kindly old man. However, even without the dreadful wish that Gray made, there were other influences that caused him to change so drastically. In the beginning of the novel, Young Dorian was introduced to a man named Lord Henry by the artist who gave him the painting, and regrettably, the two became very close acquaintances. Lord Henry leads a very immoral and unsympathetic lifestyle, one which Gray begins to transition into.