In addition, other elements conspire to take away from the harvest for which we worked so hard to produce. Despite the best application of modern agricultural practices, an unavoidable portion of what is grown rots in the fields prior to harvest time, or in the world’s storage bins afterwards. Every year, depending upon geographic location and intensity of El Niño events, crops suffer from too little water and wither on the spot, or are lost to severe flooding, hailstorms, tornados, earthquakes, hurricanes, cyclones, fires, and other destructive events of nature. Many of these phenomena are at best difficult to predict, and at worst are impossible to react to in time to prevent the losses associated with them. In sub-Saharan Africa, locusts remain an ever-present threat (42), and can devastate vast areas of farmland in a matter of days. Even after a bumper crop is realized, problems associated with processing and storage lessen the actual tonnage that is available to the consumer. A large portion of the harvest, regardless of the kind of plant or grain, is despoiled or a portion consumed by a variety of opportunistic life forms (., fungi, bacteria, insects, rodents) after being stored. While it is conceded that at present the abundance of cash crops is more than sufficient to meet the nutritional needs of the world’s human population, delivering them to world markets is driven largely by economics, not biological need. Thus, the poorest people – some billion – are forced to live in a constant state of starvation (43), with many thousands of deaths per year attributable to this wholly preventable predicament (44). Locating vertical farms near these human “hot spots” would greatly alleviate this problem.
The operation of a nuclear power plant releases large amounts of energy. This energy is used in large turbines, which produce electricity. Both the fuel elements and coolants contribute to radiation pollution. Wastes from atomic reactors also contain radioactive materials. The biggest problem is the disposal of these radioactive wastes. If these wastes are not properly disposed off, can harm the living organisms wherever they may be dumped. Inert gases and halogens escape as vapours and cause pollution as they settle on land or reach surface waters with rain.
Adverse air quality can kill many organisms including humans. Ozone pollution can cause respiratory disease , cardiovascular disease , throat inflammation, chest pain, and congestion . Water pollution causes approximately 14,000 deaths per day, mostly due to contamination of drinking water by untreated sewage in developing countries . An estimated 500 million Indians have no access to a proper toilet,   Over ten million people in India fell ill with waterborne illnesses in 2013, and 1,535 people died, most of them children.  Nearly 500 million Chinese lack access to safe drinking water.  A 2010 analysis estimated that million people died prematurely each year in China because of air pollution.  The WHO estimated in 2007 that air pollution causes half a million deaths per year in India.  Studies have estimated that the number of people killed annually in the United States could be over 50,000.