When a new edition was released, the cryptographers were forced to start again. The original JN-25A system replaced the 'Blue' code (as Americans called it), and used five-digit numbers, each divisible by three (and so usable as a quick, and somewhat reliable, error check, as well as something of a 'crib' to cryptanalysts), giving a total of 33,334 legal code values. To make it harder to crack a code value, meaningless additives (from a large table or book of five-digit numbers) were added arithmetically to each five-digit cipher element. JN-25B superseded the first release of JN-25 at the start of December 1940. JN-25B had 55,000 valid words, and while it initially used the same additive list, this was soon changed and the cryptanalysts found themselves entirely locked out again.
Ireland’s leading contemporary classical music group Crash Ensemble will perform works by Linda Buckley, Bryce Dessner, and a world premiere from Emily Hall, with text by Enda Walsh, all under the one roof, at the Everyman Theatre, on Friday 15th. Presented by Bryce Dessner, Crash Ensemble will be joined on stage by Kate Manley, The Cork School of Music Capella Lyrica choir, and special guests. The night will be opened by Cillian Murphy, with a new collaboration between Cillian, Enda Walsh, and Bryce and Aaron Dessner. The following day, Crash Ensemble will present the last installment of their groundbreaking 20th Anniversary music project, CrashLands, premiering two new pieces on Spike Island, Cobh, at midday.
Headed up by director Neil Marshall ( The Descent , Game of Thrones ), with David Harbour ( Stranger Things ) on board to play the titular, cigar-chomping demon, THR is reporting that Ian McShane has sealed a deal to play Professor Trevor Bruttenholm (or simply Professor Broom), Hellboy’s adoptive father. It’s another high-profile role to add to the actor’s growing collection, and McShane is arguably one of the few actors working today capable of bringing the necessary amount of gravitas to Marshall’s revival.