If a school is discriminating against your child based on ethnicity, national origin, sex, or disability, you could file a discrimination complaint with the OCR. But you may also want to speak with a lawyer. For one thing, some observers are questioning whether the OCR, under its leadership during the Trump administration, will continue to enforce rules regarding educational discrimination as aggressively as in the past. Also, an attorney who’s experienced in fields like education, civil rights, or disability law should be able to explain the anti-discrimination laws that apply to your situation—including any state laws that may provide broader protection than federal law. A lawyer can also advise you about any legal reasons (or “grounds”) you might have for filing a lawsuit against the school.
The law establishes that a pregnant worker who is temporarily unable to perform their job duties must be treated the same way other temporarily disabled workers should be treated. The employer may need to modify work assignments or tasks, provide disability pay, or unpaid leave. Employers can't ask about whether applicants are pregnant or intend to get pregnant. They can't require employees give notice of pregnancy unless there is a legitimate business purpose and the requirement does not restrict the employee's job opportunities. Employers can't prevent a pregnant employee from working when they want to and are physically capable. They must provide health insurance coverage on the same basis as costs for other medical conditions. There are many other restrictions intended to safeguard equal treatment of pregnant employees.